Friday, June 21, 2019

Positive Behavior Management for the Classroom

Hello, teacher friends! I hope you all are enjoying your summer vacation. I have been enjoying spending time with my kids, trying new recipes, pinning freezer meals to make my life easier when school starts in fall, reading some fabulous books, and a little bit of cleaning/organzing (wishing it was more). If you are in my new Early Childhood Facebook Group, you might have saw my post asking about what kind of teacher you are in June - Forget About School, Pin All Things Teacher, Or a Little of Both. I am totally a little of both. I view June like New Years. I make resolutions to be  better mom, a better wife, and a better teacher. And I pin...A LOT of things.

Last summer, I spent a lot of time thinking about how support children in my classroom with behavior needs. I realized, I NEVER wrote a full post on it. Yes, I shared a little, but here I am ready to share it all with you. If you do not want to think about teacher things this June, you can still pin it for August.

I created this calm down kit last summer, and I have to say it was one of the BEST investments I have ever made. I keep it on a shelf in corner where kids get easily access it and have a little bit of privacy while they calm down. I will walk you through what is in it.

First are these hand fidgets that I found at Michael's. I allow kids to sit at the carpet with fidgets AFTER I teach them the expectations. First, they stay in our hands. They do not get thrown and they do not get handed to other kids. You still have to follow all carpet expectations.

  Teaching a child to calm down is a skill that has to be explicitly taught, like any other skill. This is the calm down book, taken apart for you to see. I laminated it and put it on a ring. It teaches kids skills to stay calm. Get a fidget. Listen to music. Ask for help (isn't it sad how many kids do not know how to ask for help?) I go through this book with a child WHEN THEY ARE CALM. You cannot teach a skill when a child is already frustrated. That is only going to elevate them more. Save this teaching tool for when they are calm.

Visual supports are essential for any child. They help a child connect the words to the action. For a child that has special needs, such as being on the spectrum, or a child with behavior issues, visual are ESSENTIAL! It is easier for a child to process a visual directive rather than a verbal, especially if they are frustrated. While these can be a great tool when a child is frustrated, they still have to be taught when a child is NOT frustrated. Make it a game for the entire class. Show the class the picture (if you have a document camera, that would be awesome, id not, just hold it up). Have your entire class practice the skill. Once you have taught all the skills, point out when a child is doing what they are supposed to. You do not have to call out a specific child. Hold up a a card that says hands to self when there are students who do not have their hands to self, and say "I see students who have hands to self." Hopefully, students realize they do not have hands to self, and follow that directive without you having to specifically ask them to. Again, this works best when a child is NOT already upset. Over time, the child will learn the skill, and be able to do it when they are upset.

Identifying feelings is also essential for teaching a child to be calm. Kids can say the words happy, mad, or sad, but they may not know what it means. We need to teach kids what their emotions are and how to respond to them in an appropriate manner. It is great to be happy, but that does not mean you can talk to your friend while I am teaching. It is ok to be sad and cry, but you can't cry to avoid work. It is ok to be mad, but you cannot throw a chair. Squeeze a ball instead.

These are some great calm down skills.  Take 5 deep breaths and blow on the windmill. Kids enjoy blowing on the windmill and it will help them calm down (sometimes, they need more then 5). You can do the same thing with water.

You can find this, and all of the above activities in my Positive Behavior Management System.

 I did share this FREE Positive Behavior Clip-Chart last year. Clip-Charts are controversial. There are kids who will always be at the top and those who will always be at the bottom. For those who always at the bottom, it can really impact their self-esteem, especially if say something negative, like go to the Principal or call parents. I created this clip-chart with I can statements. The bottom says I can improve my behavior. AND PLEASE, let that child improve their behavior. Give that child the chance to move up. Do not force a child to stay at the bottom because then you are saying they can't improve their behavior. Here is my example. Andy throws his pencil at Sarah within the first hour of the day. This is a very, very bad behavior. You will have to call Andy's parents at some point to tell them. You may have to take Andy to the Principal. This is not ok, but, my guess is Andy will be spending he rest of the day in your classroom since the didn't actually hurt anyone. Do you want Andy to be negative all day? Do you want him to feel ashamed and embarrassed? Do you want him to do it again???? Yes, I have had Andy that did something like this multiple times  a day. I ALWAYS gave him the opportunity to turn it around (unless he had to go home for the day, that happens). Guess what eventually happened? Andy went from disrupting the classroom 10 times a day to 7 times and eventually less then 5...most days. Then in first grade, wow, Andy was disruptive less then 5 times a week. It really does get better. Eventually, but you, as a teacher, has to try to stay positive for your kids. Unfortunately, you do not know what kind of negative interactions they get at home. Be the positive in that child's life. You can find this FREE Clip Chart HERE.

Another resource I used last year was Positive Behavior Brag Bracelets. There are 40 different bracelets to give out to kids. Kids thrive on praise. They want to please, even if they don't know how. Last year, a parent told me her child kept ALL of their bracelets on their wall for the whole year. It was their little brag wall. I wanted to make sure I wasn't always giving them out to the same kids, so I made sure to have a class list where I could check off who got one. There are are holiday and seasonal bracelets too. I print odd enough of those for everyone to get one. At the beginning of the week, I tell kids that I am going to be watching each of them and want each child to get one and I always make sure each child gets one. Rewards shouldn't be withheld. FIND A REASON to reward a child. I always write on the back of the bracelet what that child did to earn it. I think this is meaningful for communication with parents. You can buy these HERE.

There are always kids who need their own, individual reward system. This one comes from my Positive Behavior Management System. It includes picture cards for what they are working for. I know some teachers that want children to get the same rewards and the same consequences because that is fair. I am not going to sugar coat this for you. Every child should get what they need, not what is fair. Some children are able to work for a long stretch of time, other need to build their stamina. I think that concept is easy for teacher to understand when we are talking about reading or writing, but not behavior. The truth is, behavior is no different. Some kids can stay on task for 10 minutes, others for one minute. As teachers, we should want children to feel successful, whether that is in reading or behavior. For this, I usually give a child or 2-3 items they can choose to work for (there are times where they can work to go outside and swing, but other times where I do not have support to take them outside. Some children may only be able to attend to a task for 3 minutes. If they sit for 3 minutes, I give them a star. When they earn 3 stars, they get their reward/break. If they earn the reward several times, I bump it up to 4 minutes. I want them to be successful, but I also want them to grow. I also may adjust it based on the activity, the time of day, or how the child comes off the bus. If they struggle with reading, but do well in math, I may ask them to work 5 minutes for math, but only 3 minutes for reading. If a child has been earning 5 stars to get their reward/break, but come off the bus crying, I may switch it up to 3. Remember, YOU WANT THE CHILD TO SUCCEED!!!! Remember, 10 minutes on task is better then 30 minutes of classroom destruction.

I created this FREE reward chart that you can use instead of the one above. You can decide how many stickers they are working for before they get a break.

My last tip for creating positive classroom behavior is to have a classroom schedule and use it! This helps to reduce anxiety for children to know what is coming up. It helps them to visually see that most days are similar. At the beginning of the day, I go over our schedule. We have a little star next to what activity we are on and move it down as we go. After lunch, I go over our afternoon again. If something in the schedule changes, i take the time to tell them. If it is unexpected and I do not have a visual for it, I put up a blank space and tell kids what item goes there. You can get this editable schedule here.

Some students need an individual schedule. They need to manipulate it themselves. They may only be able to handle seeing a few items at a time. This can be a great intervention for a student that may need a BIP. This individual schedule is included in my Editable Daily Schedule.

I hope this post has helped you visualize your own positive classroom environment. Please, let me know if you have any questions about what I talked about today. I promise, if you implement even a few of these ideas, your classroom will change for the better.

Sunday, June 2, 2019

Math Talks and Warm Ups

Hey! Happy June! If you are following me on Instagram @myfabulousclass you know I just shared how I use Math Talks and Warm Ups to help my students build fluency in number sence, Addition, and Subtraction. What are Math Talks and Warm-Ups, you ask? It's a 5 minute chat that you build into your daily math routine. You can use materials you already have, such ten frames, dot cards, number sentences, and more. If you want, I put everything you need all together in my Math Talks and Warm Ups for Building Fluency. I have it ON SALE for a limited time.

I created these Math Warm Ups for Fluency to be used in whole group or in small group. I pick one or two cards to flash through each day. I started out the year by focusing on number sense. I flash a card and ask how many do you see? Later in the year, I focus on addition and subtraction fluency.

Dominos, Ten Frames, and Dot cards are great for building number sense. Hold the card up for a few seconds and ask students how many they see. Start by holding it up for a few seconds. The kids know NOT to shout the answer. I tell kids to wait for the clap to say their answer. This allows all the kids the wait time they need. As the year progresses, I will have students write their answer on their dry erase boards. For fun, I will use number stars (I will show this below) or Bullwinkle (kids hold their hands by their head and show the answer with their fingers).

When I am ready to start talking about addition and subtraction, I like to use these fold over cards. I ask kids how many they see. Then, I ask how many more to make ten (there is also a set for 5).  The blank boxes are covered so they can't count them. Then, I flip the card open and have kids count to check their answer.

These blank and black dot cards are perfect for talking about decomposing a number. How many blank ones do you see? How many block ones are there? How many are there all together. As a fun away to have kids answer, I use these number stars. Kids hold the star with correct answer facing up. This can work for small group and for whole group. The stars are FREE in my Math Tool Kit.

We continue to work on addition with these hidden dot and ten frame cards. How many do you see? How many more to make 5 or 10? Again, great for decomposing numbers. The answer is covered so you can flip it up to give students extra support or to check their answers.

Once your kids have mastered the dots and ten frames, you can move on these Hidden Number cards. How many more to make_____? Kids can say, show, or write the answer. These cards also make a great self checking center.

Finally, I have these FREE Math Tool Kits for you. These have the stars I showed you above. Plus, there is a ten frame, number line, number bond, and number sentence frame.

You can flash a ten frame, domino, or dot card, and have students build it in the ten frame or the number bond. When they are ready, you can have them write the number sentence in on of the number sentence frames. You can have teach them to use a number line to solve how many more to make____. It's so helpful to have all of these materials prepped and ready to go whenever you may need them.

At the beginning of the year I out these Math Tool Bags together. I out all of the printables in a bag, with a variety of manipulatives. Whether I am teaching whole group, small group, or intervention, it comes in handy to have the kids grab their bag and know that it is all together.

I hope this post gave you a better understanding of how incorporate Math Talks and Warm-ups. Let me know if you have any questions.

Do you want more Tips and Tricks for teaching Early Childhood Education? Join my Facebook Group Early Childhood Education - My Fabulous Class